Wagner, Richard (1818 – 1883)

Wilhelm Richard Wagner was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, “music dramas”). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionized opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk (“total work of art”), by which he sought to synthesize the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realized these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung).

His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs—musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas, or plot elements. His advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, greatly influenced the development of classical music. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music.

Until his final years, Wagner’s life was characterized by political exile, turbulent love affairs, poverty and repeated flight from his creditors. His controversial writings on music, drama and politics have attracted extensive comment, notably, since the late 20th century, where they express antisemitic sentiments. The effect of his ideas can be traced in many of the arts throughout the 20th century; his influence spread beyond composition into conducting, philosophy, literature, the visual arts and theater. (source: Wikipedia)


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Ring Cycle 

Epic and expert – Jeremy Van Hoy has done a masterful job excerpting important storytelling pieces from the entire Ring Cycle to create this masterful concert work for large brass ensemble.

Part 1 – Das Rheingold
BB BE 170803a – $125
16’00” – Grade 5 (Sophisticated musical skills are required – intended for professional ensembles, or advanced college/university ensembles comprised of music majors.

Includes these famous excerpts

Prologue (River Rhine); Valhalla; The Giants – Fasolt and Fafner; Wotan’s Entrance; Alberich is captured by Wotan and Loge; Wotan is shaken by the Cursed Ring; Finale – Entrance of the Gods into Valhalla

Trumpet 1 in C (doubling on b flat piccolo), Trumpet 2 & 3 in C, Trumpet 4 in B flat (doubling on Flugelhorn), 4 Horns, 2 Tenor Trombones (Trombone 1 doubles on Bass Trumpet), 2 Bass Trombones, Euphonium, 2 Tubas, Timpani and 2 Percussion.

Recording is the premiere live performance by the Boulder Brass from January 2015.


Part 2 – Die Walkure, Siegfried, Gotterdammerung (Coming Soon!)
BB BE 170803b –
45′ 00″ – Grade 5 (sophisticated musical and technical skills are required – intended for professional ensembles, or advanced college/university ensembles comprised of music majors)

Includes these famous excerpts

Sieglinde offers Siegmund shelter from a storm; Her husband, Hunding, returns and reluctantly agrees; Sieglinde tells of her great need for a hero and Siegmund reveals himself to be her long lost twin brother and the hero she has been waiting for; Brünnhilde’s Entrance; Brünnhilde tries to warn Siegmund of his impending death; Ride of the Valkyries;

Prelude to ‘Siegfried’; Mime’s Entrance; Alberich tries to warn Fafner about Siegfried (son of Siegmund and Sieglinde); Siegfried brings Fafner (now a dragon) out of his cave by playing his horn; Siegfried battles and defeats Fafner, winning the Ring and magic helmet; Erda’s Entrance (Erda is Brünnhilde’s mother and an earth goddess);

Daybreak (from ‘Götterdämmerung’); Siegfried’s Rhine Journey; Siegfried enters the Hall of the Gibichungs; Gunther, lord of the Gibichungs, and his sister Gutrune welcome Siegfried, but give him a magic potion to make him forget his love for Brünnhilde; Siegfried arrives on the bank of the Rhine with his magic helmet, not knowing that Hagen has promised Alberich to kill Siegfried; Siegfried and the Rhinemaidens; After Hagen kills Siegfried, Siegfried remembers his love for Brünnhilde; Siegfried’s Funeral March; Brünnhilde’s Immolation Scene; Finale – Destruction of Valhalla

Premiered by the Boulder Brass in January 2015 and soon available from Boulder Brass Publications and Art of Sound Music.


Siegfried’s Funeral Music
BB BE 131003 – $50.00
9′ 00″ – Grade 6 (highest level of musical and technical skill is required of musicians – intended for professional groups and sophisticated collegiate ensembles)

Götterdämmerung (Twilight of the Gods) is the last in Richard Wagner’s cycle of four operas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen. It received its premiere in 1876, as part of the first complete performance of the Ring. In the opera after Siegfried dies, his body is carried away in to this solemn funeral procession music that recapitulates many of the themes of the opera.

arranged by Michael Allen for Trumpet in E flat, Trumpet in B flat (doubles on Piccolo), Trumpet in B flat (doubles on Flugelhorn), Flugelhorn, 2 Horns, 2 Tenor Trombones , Bass Trombone, Euphonium, Tuba, Timpani, Percussion (Triangle, Suspended Cymbal)

Recorded live, April 2013 by the Boulder Brass – performed without a conductor.


Trauersinfonie
BB BE 920101 – $38.00
7′ 00″ – Grade 4 (musical skill, technique, and range suitable for advanced high school ensembles, community-based groups, and college/university ensembles)

Trauersinfonie was originally scored by Wagner for large windband and is based on themes from Carl Maria von Weber’s Euryanthe. It was first performed on December 14, 1844 during the torchlight procession that carried the remains of Weber from the Dresden train station to his final resting place, some eighteen years after his death in London.

arranged by Michael Allen for Piccolo Trumpet, Trumpet in E flat, Trumpet in B flat, Flugelhorn, 4 Horns, 2 Tenor Trombones, Bass Trombone, Euphonium, Tuba, Field Drum

Recorded live January 2015 by the Boulder Brass